The first ＂national seal＂ in New China, which symbolizes the people’s power
The first "national seal" in New China, which symbolizes the people’s power
On October 1, 1949, the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China was established in Beijing.
At the History Museum of the Communist Party of China, the first "National Seal" in New China -the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. It used to be a certificate of documents that seal the official document issued by the President of the President or the Central People’s Government when issued various laws, orders, instructions, instructions, and exercising other powers. It is a symbol of the people’s government’s highest power to the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China.
This national seal is a national first -class cultural relic.
The side of the printing surface is 9 cm, the chapter is thick centimeter, and the handle is long.
Guoyin positive yangwen engraved the traditional Songti character "Seal of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China".
The seal is symmetrical and rigorous, and the marks are clear and solemn. The back model uses the engraving of the head tilt and the pointed picked, the engraving and the opening time, and the serial number: "The Seal of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China on November 1, 1949", the word The mouth is clear and slim.
Compared with other government printed letters, the use of copper materials is large, large viscosity, and many ammonium -rectification, and the texture is harder. The national and Indian square -shaped circular handles are cast separately with the printed body, which is made of rotation, the copper is soft and the production is fine. As the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Central People’s Government exercised the regime on behalf of the people, and silently told visitors about the history of the socialist revolution and construction period.
With the decisive victory of the liberation war, the task of building New China mentioned the schedule of the CPC Central Committee. In June 1949, the first plenary meeting of the New Political Consultative Conference was held in Peiping (now Beijing).
The meeting selected Mao Zedong as the director of the Standing Committee of the Preparatory Association, Zhou Enlai, Li Jishen, Shen Junru, Guo Moruo, Chen Shutong as the deputy director, Li Weihan as the secretary -general, Yu Xinqing and Qi Yanming were deputy secretary -general. Zhou Enlai commissioned Chen Shutong to handle the seal of the Central People’s Government and its affiliated and affiliated agencies. Qi Yanming was responsible for specific work. Qi Yanming is both a smart and capable organization leader, but also a well -eye -catching calligraphy and painting art expert. In order to engage in this national seal, he invited the famous master of Beijing City, Zhang Yan, Don Lifu, Tang Zuishi and Wei Changqing to study and discuss. Zhang Yan, born in Xinhe County, Hebei in 1883. After reading the village school for several years, he was slightly ink, but he was very talented and wrote well. At the age of 14, Zhang Ye came to Beijing Liulichang Yiyuanzhai to serve as an apprentice. In the face of the scores of the predecessors, Zhang Ye made up the day and night.
After the teacher, he made a self -determined Runge and specialized in the engraving as the industry. He was engraved with "Dragon Flying Tiger Crouching" by Liang Qichao. This word was engraved, and his reputation was called "iron painting silver hook". In 1912, Zhang Yan, who became famous in one fell swoop, opened his own portal in Liuli Factory to Kaoru Kaoru Book Office to cure the seal. Seeking more than the seal, celebrities in the Beijing -Tianjin region are proud of being able to have Zhang Ye’s engraving.
On August 19, 1949, the "Symposium on the Government Printing and Casting" was held in a Beijing Hotel, and 14 people including Zhang Ye attended.
The meeting formulated the "type", "font", "material", and "character text" of the New Chinese government’s seal of the New China government, and at the same time, it was amended to the "Regulations on the Organization of the Printing and Casting Bureau of the Central People’s Government Government Government". From September 21st to 30th, the first plenary session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference was held. The name of the "People’s Republic of China" was determined in a form of law, and the "Seal of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China" was officially determined.
In order to engrav the Guoyin, Zhang Ye, who is proficient in copper art and engraved skills, began to prepare for tension, flipped the information, finds the score, and draws the printed seals of Li, Song, Han, and Qin.
Zhang Ying then handed the print to Qi Yanming. Qi Yanming immediately presented the seal to the central leader for review. In order for the masses to understand, Mao Zedong finally chose the printing of Songti characters. The engraved national seal has extremely strict special rules, and it is not allowed to sample the bottom after the engraving.
Before the delivery, the four corners should be a little higher, not flat.
It was found before the Chinese seal was officially opened, and the name was "Qi Feng". On October 31, 1949, the Guoyin was officially engraved and submitted to it.
According to research, the "Central People’s Government Order" (issued on October 31, 1949) was issued by the People’s Revolutionary Military Commission. The "First Meeting of the Central People’s Government Committee for the first meeting of the Central People’s Government Committee appointed Zhou Enlai as the Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Central People’s Government" "The Eighth Meeting of the Central People’s Government Committee" Land of the People’s Republic of China The Reform Law "" The Law of the People’s Republic of China "and other precious cultural relics such as the national seal. In September 1954, the first meeting of the first National People’s Congress was held and formulated the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China. According to the constitution, the National People’s Congress is the highest state authority of the country, and the State Council is the highest state power execution authority. At this point, the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China and its affiliated and subordinate administrative agencies have completed their historical mission, all of which are paid to the new Central People’s Government -the State Council. In May 1959, the Secretary of the State Council allocated these precious government seals to the Chinese Revolutionary Museum (now the National Museum of China). Today, Guoyin no longer fulfills its duties and is quietly displayed in the exhibition hall. But it is a true testimony of the people’s regime. It witnessed the extraordinary years, and witnessed the most extensive people’s democracy in a country with the history of feudal society for thousands of years in a country with thousands of years of feudal society. Master. (Supply of the Chinese Communist Party History Exhibition Center).